Art of the 19th century

11 Discovered artists
In the history of art, this long style epoch ranges from the outgoing baroque to classicism, romance, Biedermeier and Impressionism to the beginning of the first world war. Kings, princes, and clergy were disempowered during the Enlightenment, and civil rights strengthened. This not only had consequences for economic and technological development, but also for social coexistence as well as for the humanities and the arts.

The artists responded to ground-breaking developments with dynamic inventiveness. The painters of this time created their subjective worldview with their works. Since the traditional customers first reacted without understanding, a replacement had to be found on the free art market. In the second half of the 19th century, there were studios and art galleries.

It was the time of the Impressionists, who were first cursed as "savagery". French artists of world rank like Edgar Degas ("The Absinthe"), Claude Monet ("Sunrise") or Edouard Manet ("Bar in the Folies Bergère") suffered. The popular Austrian art nouveau painter ("The Kiss") is one of the outstanding artists of this outgoing Kunstepoche.

The paintings became more and more individual and there was a split in artistic understanding. Academics adhered to open-minded avant-gardeists. Ultimately, the criticism and fierce debates in the public made the way clear for the subjective ideas of the artists.



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