Flemish painting

18 Discovered artists
In the transition from late Gothic to early Renaissance, a regional painting school developed in the Netherlands, which influenced the art movement of Old Dutch painting. The European art scene has experienced a phase of change. With the beginning of the 14th century, the church was no longer the sole employer, and painters increasingly received orders from royal houses. Along with the change began to reflect on Dutch painting and the development of unique styles. The realistic depictions from the French-Flemish book painting by Jean Pucelle are regarded as the starting point for the realistic depiction of the Flemish artist group. The development of oil painting and the knowledge of perspectival depth made portraits into works with a high degree of realism. This realism was later transferred to the landscapes of the Flemish painters. Accurate observations of nature, including the human body alter the representation of humans. Gone is the time of the shapeless veiled figures with flawless complexion. With the help of light reflections the representations got a new plasticity Robert Campin and van Eyck showed people and bodies with all inadequacies. Wrinkles, bags and body fullness were shown in all ruthlessness. Robert Campin is considered a master of Flemish painting and together with the brothers van Eyck he created art that was no longer reserved for the church and the royal family. The Flemish painters created art for the living rooms of the citizens. Other important representatives were van der Eyden and van der Goes, who passed on their knowledge of ancient Netherlandish art in their workshops.



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