Modernista

10 Discovered artists
What was the Jugendstil in Germany and the Secession in Austria, was the "Modernisme" in the Spanish province of Catalonia, and especially in Barcelona. In connection with this artistic reform movement, the Catalan Jugendstil can also be said. He had his heyday in the last decades of the 19th and the first decades of the 20th century. He was led by Antonio Gaudí, who was promoted by the upper middle classes of Barcelona. They wanted to shape their city in a new and contemporary way, but at the same time according to the Catalan tradition.

Modernism affected all areas of art, but it was particularly evident in architecture. Gaudí has ??been commissioned by various industrialists with designs of buildings that are today an integral part of the cityscape of Barcelona (eg Casa Battló, Park Güell). His most famous project is the basilica Sagrada Família, begun in 1882 and still unfinished, in Barcelona. Gaudí developed his own unmistakable style, inspired by nature and by the forms and surfaces found in it. Characteristic is the absence of straight lines.

Other representatives of Modernisme were the painters Ramon Casas, Santiago Rusnol, Miquel Utrillo and Pere Romeu. Their meeting point was the coffee house and cabaret Els Quatre Gats ("The Four Cats"), which they had designed and opened in 1897, where they discussed and organized exhibitions. All major "modernists" were here.



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