Photography

178 Discovered artists
The first mechanical duplication procedure was the heliography discovered by Niepce. Even the Daguerrotypie, developed in 1838, required much shorter exposure times. Starting from 1880 the photographing was possible thanks to the invention of the drying plate for everyone. In order to meet their own requirements, associations for photography were founded all over Europe and the USA. They wanted to establish photography as a separate art form. Organized exhibitions, lectures and exchanges.

The photographic art of the nineteenth century developed mainly from the desire of the bourgeoisie to maintain meaningful portraits. Until then, this was the domain of painting. For a photo session you threw herself into a shell, it was an event. Long exposures required long sessions, which was time-consuming. From the beginning the portrait photography focused on classical photography.

The photography of this century was subject to rapid change. The new technology changed constantly and allowed unlimited display possibilities. One retouched, copied and worked with various design elements. The image representations at theaters and public places were also becoming more and more important, resulting in enormous development potential for photography. Many photographic works of the time were modeled on Impressionist painting. The Jugendstil also played an important role. At the same time, one recognized the fantastic possibilities of photography for documentation purposes. This is why it has been increasingly used in architecture and industry.



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