Suprematism

3 Discovered artists
Suprematism is an avant-garde Russian art movement whose name was coined in 1913 by Kasimir Malevich. The term is based on the understanding that abstract art reflects superior artistic feeling. Non-figurative art is based on a few basic geometric elements that are displayed and combined in a limited spectrum of clear colors. Some works follow the concept of non-Euclidean geometry and visualize shapes in motion or in time. Neither the human nor the object are in the center of attention. The artist is the creator and mediator of the only true reality, the unconditioned non-objectivity.

Works of this art direction were exhibited for the first time in 1915 in Saint Petersburg. The major works were created over the next three years; however, this style was used until the early 1930s. In the core time also met the Supremus group, to which besides Malevich also artists such as Exter, Kliun, Suetin, Genke Meller and Senkin belonged. In addition to painting, Suprematism also included theater, music, architecture, decorative art and literature. To this day, artists are influenced by this style, and a significant contemporary representative was the architect Zaha Hadid.

The art direction emerged in the field of tension of the Blue Rider, cubist-futuristic currents and traditional Russian folk art. Connected to the Bauhaus movement, Malewitsch defined his program in their publication. Suprematism clearly distinguishes itself from constructivism by denying itself (ideological) instrumentalization, it does not want to serve the state, the church, nor illustrate history, but can exist completely in and of itself, detached from the object. Although this opposition seems insurmountable, artists such as El Lissitzky and Rodshenko have taken the step from suprematism to constructivism throughout their careers. Like all modern art, suprematism was suppressed in Stalinism and hindered in its development by the doctrine of "socialist realism."



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